04 November 2003

A Human Rights Report on Trafficking of Persons, Especially Women and Children [in Saudi Arabia]PDF report March 2002
In October 1998, for example, an airplane full of young Indian girls, many of them scarred or maimed, flew back to India after the girls were deported from Saudi Arabia. Apparently, the girls’ parents had sold them during a pilgrimage to Mecca, and they were then forced into prostitution. In another case, 76 girls from Bangladesh and India, ranging in age from 6 to 15, were deported from the country in the late 1990s. Police and social workers believe they were victims of an organized ring of child prostitution.
A 1962 Royal Decree abolished slavery.
Forced or compulsory labor is prohibited by law.
Foreign workers, however, are subject to the control of national sponsors.
Labor law does not apply to domestic service.
Saudi Arabia has ratified the ILO 105 Convention on the Elimination of Forced and Compulsory Labor or the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery and the Slave Trade and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery.
However, Saudi Arabia has not ratified the ILO 182 Convention on the Abolition of Child Labor, the 1999 Convention to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography, the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families or the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children.